Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia

The Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia ( PDRI or “Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia”), is an Indonesian government established in response to the capture of the temporary capital of the Republic of Indonesia , Yogyakarta , and the capture of Revolutionary leaders by the Dutch during the Operatie Kraai . He was based in Bukittinggi on the island of Sumatra and was led by Sjafruddin Prawiranegara .

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Conquest of the Banda Islands by the Dutch

The conquest of the Banda Islands by the Dutch , also known as the Banda massacre , is a military conquest which, in 1621, resulted in the occupation of the Banda Islands by the Dutch East India Company , as well as a severe loss of population on these islands, whose inhabitants were killed by the famine as a result of …

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Herman Willem Daendels

Herman Willem Daendels is a Dutch soldier, born onOctober 21, 1762at Hattem , Gelderland , in the Republic of the United Provinces , and died on May 2 , 1818in St. George of Elmina, on the Ghanaian coast 1 . He was an officer in the Northern Army under the Revolution , then was given high responsibilities when his native country passed under French influence. Under the First Empire , he was lieutenant-general and then governor-general of the Dutch …

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Darul Islam

The Darul Islam ( Arabic : دار الإسلام , Dar al-Islam , literally “house of Islam”) is a political movement of Indonesia which, from 1949 in 1963, wanted to impose by force an Islamic state in Indonesia ( Negara Islam Indonesia ) . It is also known as DI / TII ( Tentara Islam Indonesia or “Islamic Army of Indonesia”).

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Dharmarakshita ( x th century ), also known by its Tibetan name Serlingpa Tibetan : གསེར་ གླིང་ པ , Wylie : gser gling pa , is a sovereign prince of a region of the island of Sumatra , and custodian of the lines transmissions of the mind of awakening 1 . It is a Buddhist religious teacher deemed the x th century who lived in Sriwijaya (now Palembang ) in the south of the island Indonesia of Sumatra . He wrote …

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Riots in Jakarta May 1998

The 13 and 14 May 1998 , the riots occurred in Jakarta , capital of Indonesia . More riots took place in Surakarta ( Central Java ) on 14-15 May. Many shops belonging to Indonesians of Chinese origin have been attacked and looted. During these riots, more than 1,200 people were killed. Most were people trapped in the fire at the Mega Mall in the new town of Lippo Karawaci west of Jakarta. Among them, …

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Eruption of Tambora in 1815

The eruption of Tambora in 1815 is a volcanic eruption taking place in Indonesia . At the beginning of the year without summer , the eruption alone killed 92,000 people . It is considered the most violent eruption of historical times, after the eruption of the Samalas in 1257 1 and the Minoan eruption of the volcano of Santorini in Greece in 1610 BC, and that of the volcano Taupo , located in New Zealand , in 230.

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Eruption of Kelud in 1919

The Kelud eruption in 1919 is a volcanic eruption of Kelud , an Indonesian volcano in Java .May 1919. That month, the awakening of the volcano expels 38 million m 3 of water from a lake which previously was at its peak, causing a lahar which, in addition to the pyroclastic issued also killed 5,110 people 1 . The eruption is one of the deadliest in historical times.

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Eruption of Samalas in 1257

The eruption of Samalas in 1257 is a major volcanic event of the Middle Ages , the consequences of which had a strong impact on the Earth. The existence of a major eruption ( volcanic explosivity index 7) on that date was first attested by the paleoclimatology (several unusually cold years) and traces of sulfates recorded in ice cores as well in Arctic in Antarctica , on the same date, confirming the …

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Eruption of Merapi in 2010

The eruption of Merapi in 2010 is a volcanic eruption that took place on the Merapi of October 26 , 2010at the beginning of 2011. This volcano , considered the most active and dangerous of Indonesia , is located in the center of the island of Java , in the heart of a densely populated area . The populations, poorly prepared for the consequences of an eruption of this volcano that can result in sudden flashing …

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Eruption of Krakatoa in 1883

The Krakatoa eruption of 1883 is a cataclysmic volcanic eruption that reshaped the physiognomy of Krakatoa , a gray volcano in Indonesia . Occurred August 27 , 1883to 10 pm 2 , it caused a noise appalling and father of noctilucent clouds in the sky that could be observed until Northern Europe , where Edvard Munch reproduced ten years later in his famous painting The Scream .

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Saka era

The Saka era or Shaka era is used in the Indian national calendar , some calendars, such as Hindu in Bali or the Javanese calendar  (in) (but with the lunar year Muslim for the latter) in Indonesia and the old calendar Buddhist in Cambodia . Its zero year is around the year 78 AD. AD

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Empire of Brunei

The Brunei Empire was a Malay sultanate centered around Brunei in the north of the island of Borneo . At the origin of this empire, there is a little kingdom founded in the vii th century by a pagan or Hindu king known by the Chinese as Li Po-name. Brunei kings converted to Islam in xv th century, their empire extended significantly following the capture of Malacca by the Portuguese 1 , 2 on the coast of Borneo and the Philippines , then …

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Third War of Javanese Succession

The Third War of the Javanese Succession is a conflict between Pakubuwono II , Susuhunan (“sovereign”) of the Javanese kingdom of Mataram , from 1746 to 1755, one of his uncles, Prince Mangkubumi, and one of his cousins, the Prince Said. It ends with the signature, under the auspices of the VOC ( Dutch East India Company ), of the Giyanti Treaty , which includes the founding of the Yogyakarta Sultanate and …

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Second War of Javanese Succession

The second Javanese War of Succession was a conflict between Amankurat IV , Susuhunan (“ruler”) of the Javanese kingdom of Mataram (1719-1726) and his younger brothers, Princes Blitar and Purbaya, from 1719 to 1723. uncle, Prince Arya Mataram, who proclaims himself king. The rebellion will be curbed thanks to the help of the VOC ( Dutch East India Company ), increasing the Javanese debt towards it.

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First War of Javanese Succession

The first Javanese War of Succession was a dispute between Amangkurat III , Susuhunan (“ruler”) of the Javanese kingdom of Mataram (reign 1703-1708) from 1704 to 1708 to his uncle, Prince Puger, who considered himself Legitimate heir to the previous king, Amangkurat II , and whom the VOC ( Dutch East India Company ) will recognize as sovereign under the title of Pakubuwono I (reign 1704-1719).

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Padri War

The Padri War , also known as the Minangkabau War , is the name given to the intervention of Dutch colonial troops from 1821 to 1837 in western Sumatra in what is now Indonesia . The Padri , a group of Wahhabi- influenced Muslims on a trip to Mecca , have been upsetting Sumatra for nearly a decade.

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Bone War

The Bone war , in Indonesian Perang Bone , which the Dutch call Tweede Boni-expeditie (“Boni’s second operation”) or Makassaarse expeditie (” Makassar expedition “) is an operation conducted in 1825 by the Royal Indian Army Dutch against the kingdom of Bone in the south of the Indonesian island of Celebes .

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Aceh War

The Aceh war (1873-1904) is one of the longest in the history of the Dutch Indies . This conflict between the Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Aceh Sultanate in the north of the Indonesian island of Sumatra ended with the conquest of Aceh and Dutch rule over the entire Indonesian archipelago. This war caused 4,000 dead on the Dutch side, including a general, and 25,000 on the …

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Java War

The Java War , which the Indonesians call Diponegoro’s War ( Perang Diponegoro ), took place from 1825 to 1830. Its starting point is the refusal of Prince Diponegoro, eldest son of Sultan Hamengkubuwono II of Yogyakarta , to let the Dutch to pass the ” Great Post Road ” ( Groote Postweg ) that they are building to connect the western and eastern ends of the island of Java, …

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Gajah Mada

Gajah Mada (died 1364) was, according to ancient manuscripts and Javanese tradition, a military leader and mahapatih (prime minister) of the Majapahit Kingdom , appointed by Queen Tribhuwana Wijayatunggadewi , in East Java , Indonesia. . He is considered to have brought the kingdom to the summit of his power and glory.

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Raymond Westerling

Raymond Paul Pierre Westerling (born August 31 , 1919in Pera , Turkey, and died on November 26 , 1987in Purmerend , the Netherlands), known as “The Turk”, is a Dutchcitizen born in Istanbul into a Dutch family settled in Turkey for three generations. After participating in the Second World War, he parachuted to the Dutch East Indies to fight the nationalists. When the Netherlands recognized the country’s independence in 1949, it rejected a state …

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Pierre Guillaume Verhuff

Pierre Guillaume Verhuff ( Pieter Willemsz Verhoeff in Dutch ) is a Dutch admiral born around 1573 in the Netherlands and died onMay 22, 1609in Banda , Indonesia . Captain of the Admiralty of Amsterdam ( Admiraliteit van Amsterdam ) working on behalf of the Dutch East India Company (VOC), it is known to have commanded an expedition to the East Indies composed of nine vessels and four smaller vessels from from 1607 . He was murdered by natives of Banda Island …

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Treaty of Giyanti

The Treaty of Giyanti was signed and ratified on 13 February 1755 at Giyanti in central Java between Sunan (ruler) Pakubuwono III of Mataram , his uncle Prince Mangkubumi and VOC ( Dutch East India Company ). By this treaty, the western half of Mataram was granted to Mangkubumi. Pakubuwono guarded the eastern half and its capital Surakarta .

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Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814

The Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814 was signed between the Netherlands 1 and the United Kingdom on August 13, 1814 in London. By this treaty, the English returned to the Dutch their colonial possessions in Africa, America, and Asia, as they were before the beginning of the Napoleonic wars , with the exception of the Cape of Good Hope and South American settlements. Berbice, Demerara and Essequibo, …

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Tragedy of Semanggi

The term Tragedi Semanggi refers to two series of popular protests as part of the holding and agenda of a “special session” ( sidang istimewa ) of the MPR , the Indonesian parliament . During these demonstrations, a number of civilians were killed. The first, known as Tragedi Semanggi I , took place on the 11th and November 13 , 1998,  masa pemerintah transisi ⇔ Indonesia , and caused the death of 17 civilians. The second event, …

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On 11 March 1966 in Jakarta , in a tense situation following the ” 30 September 1965 movement “, Indonesian President Soekarno rallied his government. He is told that “unidentified troops” surround the presidential palace. Soekarno takes a helicopter and goes to the presidential palace in Bogor , 60 km south of Jakarta.

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Sultanate of Ternate

The Sultanate of Ternate is a princely state of Indonesia located on the island of Ternate in the province of North Maluku . The last Sultan, Mudaffar Sjah II (rd 1975-2015), born in 1935, died on February 19, 2015. The next sultan will be appointed by the Bobato Nyagi Moi Se-Tufkange or more simply Bobato 18 , the “parliament” of the sultanate (which should not be confused with …

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Sultan Hasanuddin

The Sultan Hasanuddin Tumenanga laughed Balla’pangkana , more simply known as the Sultan Hasanuddin (reigned 1653-1669), was a ruler of the kingdom of Gowa in the south of the island Indonesia of Celebes . Under his reign, Gowa reached its peak, after a series of conquests on the principalities around Makassar and bugis countries initiated by his predecessors, the first Muslim kings of Gowa

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Sriwijaya (still written Shrivijaya , Srivijaya or Sri Vijaya , to pronounce Srividjaya ), “brilliant victory” or “brilliant success”, is the name of a city-state of South Sumatra in Indonesia , which was on the location of the ‘current Palembang . It is known from three sources: Old Malay inscriptions found in Indonesia in the south of Sumatra Island and the neighboring island of Bangka (in the present province of the Bangka Belitung Islands ), Chinese records and writings. Arab travelers.

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Sarekat Islam

The Sarekat Islam is an organization founded in 1911 under the original name of Sarekat Dagang Islam ( “Association of Muslim merchants”) by traders in batik of district Laweyan in Surakarta in central Java , in what was then the Netherlands Indies . The purpose of Sarekat Dagang Islam was to give more power to the Javanese traders against the power wholesalers Chinese 1 .

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Sanjaya is a Shaivite ruler from Central Java , Indonesia . It is known to us by two inscriptions. The first, called Canggal, dated 732 , says that Sanjaya, raka (lord) of Mataram , founded a shrine dedicated to Shiva with a linga , on the hill of Bukit Ukir (located 10 km east of the temple Buddhist Borobudur .

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The Sailendra dynasty ( IAST : Śailēndra derived from Sanskrit Śaila and Indra , “King of the Mountain”, also written Shailendra , Syailendra , Selendra or Çailendra ) is an Indonesiandynasty that reigned over the Old Kingdom of Mataram and Srivijaya , on the ‘ island of Java from the eighth century. Their reign is marked by a cultural renaissance of the region witnessed by the temple of Borobudur , now classified as World Heritage by Unesco .

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Indonesian National Revolution

The Indonesian national revolution , or Indonesian war of independence , is an armed conflict and a diplomatic struggle between Indonesia and the Netherlands , as well as a social revolution. It took place from 1945 to 1949 , between the declaration of independence of Indonesia and the recognition of Indonesia as an independent state by the Netherlands, December 27 , 1949. Indonesians call these four years of armed conflict ” Revolusi “.

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Republic of the United States of Indonesia

The Republic of the United States of Indonesia , in Indonesian Republik Indonesia Serikat or RIS, was a federal state created on December 14, 1949 by the signing of a Constituent Charter in the home of Soekarno in Jakarta . He was replaced on 17 August 1950 by the Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia or “Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia “.

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The Priangan , Parahyangan or Preanger is a mountainous region of Sunda country in the Indonesian province of West Java . Toponymy The name Parahyangan comes from hyang which means ” god “; it therefore means “the abode of the gods”. The Priangan is a mountainous region and the ancient Indonesians believed that the gods were staying in the peaks.

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First Sumatra Expedition

The first shipment of Sumatra is a punitive expedition led by the US Navy in 1832 against the village of Kuala Batee  (id) , currently in the sub-district of Southwest Aceh Regency  (in) . The expedition is a response to the massacre of the crew of the merchant ship Friendship  (en) a year earlier. The frigate USS Potomac and his crew defeated the local forces Hulubalang  (in) the Aceh Sultanate . The expedition can put a stop to attacks from Sumatraagainst American …

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Tomé Pires

Tomé Pires (c. 1465 – v. 1523 / 24 or v. 1540 ) is an apothecary Portuguese who lived in Asia in the xvi th century. First Portuguese ambassador sent to China ( 1520 – 1522 ), and author of the Suma Oriental , the first European description of insular Southeast Asia and the oldest and largest Portuguese description of Asia.

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PETA (Indonesia)

The Tentara Sukarela Pembela Tanah Air or Army of the Homeland Defense Volunteers – in Japanese , k 土 防衛 義勇軍 ( kyōdo bōei giyûgun ? ) – more often referred to as PETA , is a paramilitary unit formed by the Japanese Imperial Army in during the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies during the Second World War .

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Indonesian classical period

Historians of Indonesia called classical period of the v th to xv th century AD. During which were built, often at the same time and near each other, in Java and Sumatra , religious monuments belonging either to Buddhism or to Hinduism or sometimes presenting elements of both cults. For this reason, they also call this Hindu-Buddhist period .

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Indonesian National Party

The Indonesian National Party , PNI or Partai Nasional Indonesia is an Indonesian political party that ceased to exist in 1973, when President Soeharto’s government forced the Indonesian political parties to merge into two parties, the Muslims to form the Partai Persatuan Pembangunan or PPP, the other parties to blend in with Partai Demokrasi Indonesia or PDI.

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Parameswara was the name of tradition gives a prince of the city-state of Palembang in South Sumatra in Indonesia who have fled the city after an attack in 1377 by the Kingdom of Majapahit of East Java , to King Hayam Wuruk’sreign (reign 1350-1389). The prince would then have won Tumasik (now Singapore ) and the Malay Peninsula , where he founded Malacca .

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The Pancasila (pronounced / panʧasiːla / ) is the philosophy of the state of Indonesia . This name is formed from Sanskrit words panca , “five”, and sila “principle” or “precept”. It has been taken over from the five precepts of Buddhism (do not kill, do not steal, do not behave badly, do not lie, do not use drugs).

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Operatie Product

The Operatie Product (operation Product ) is the first of politionele acties led by the Netherlands against the Republic of Indonesia at the Indonesian revolution . It was undertaken by the Dutch because they considered that the Indonesians did not respect the Linggarjati agreement . At the end of the operation, the Netherlands took back to Sumatra the lucrative plantations and the control of the oil and coal installations and to Java of all the …

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Dutch New Guinea

The Netherlands New Guinea and Dutch New Guinea in Dutch Nederlands Nieuw-Guinea , is a colony of the Netherlands located in the western part of New Guineabetween 1945 and 1962 . It arose from the desire of the Netherlands not to incorporate this part of the Dutch East Indies at the time of the declaration of independence of Indonesia on December 29 , 1945. After recognition of this independence by the Netherlands in 1949 , Jakarta fights for the incorporation of this colony into Indonesia and brings the case …

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Miangas , in Indonesia Pulau Miangas , formerly known as La Palmas , is an Indonesian border island located in the Celebes Sea and the Philippine Sea , between the Talaud Islands in the south and the Philippines in the northwest. Administratively, it belongs to the kabupaten (department) of Talaud Islands .

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1965 Massacres in Indonesia

he 1965 massacres in Indonesia are the crackdown on the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) and its supporters by the militia of the Nahdlatul Ulama ( Muslim Party ) and the Indonesian National Party , led by the Indonesian Armed Forces . The massacre of the Indonesian Communists, previously allied with President Soekarno , comes after severe political tensions, which had raised fears of a shift of Indonesia in the communist camp . Their trigger is the coup attempt of …

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Massacre of Rawagede

The massacre of Rawagede is a massacre committed on November 9, 1947 by the Dutch army in the village of Rawagede, in the kabupaten of Karawang , in the Indonesian province of West Java . According to the Nederlandse Ereschulden Committee (“Dutch Honorary Debts Committee”), 431 men were reportedly murdered in Rawagede. In 1969, the Dutch government recognized only 150 deaths.

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Massacre of Mandor

The Mandor Massacre was an event that took place in 1943 and 1944 during the Second World War in the present Indonesian province of West Kalimantan during the Japanese occupation of the Dutch East Indies . The victims came from various ethnic groups and devastated the Malayan elite of the province, including Sultan Sjarif Muhammad Alkadrie and Sambas Sultan Muhammad Ibrahim Sjafiuddin. Vice Admiral Tadashige Daigo was sentenced to death in 1947 for this massacre.

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The indonesio-Malaysian Confrontation (called Konfrontasi in Indonesian ) opposed from 1962 to 1966 of Malaysia , supported by the British, in Indonesia on the status of the northern part of the island of Borneo , that is to say, Sultanate of Brunei and the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak . Singapore was part of the Federation of Malaysia from 1963 to 1965.

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Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat

The Central Indonesian National Committee (literally “Central Indonesian National Committee” also called KNIP ) was a committee meeting to attend President Sukarno in the Indonesia newly independent. Originally it was only a consultancy body, only after that did it obtain legislative functions. Following the transfer of sovereignty to the republic of the United States of IndonesiainDecember 1949the state adopted a bicameral system . The KNIP meets for the last time on December 15 , 1949to accept that …

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Ken Arok

Ken Arok is in Pararaton or “Book of Kings” (Javanese epic poem of the xvi th century), the name of an obscure origin adventurer who, in 1222 , killed Kertajaya, the king of Kediri in the east of Java . He then founded a new kingdom, Singasari , east of Kediri and took the name of Rajasa’s reign .

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George McTurnan Kahin

George McTurnan Kahin Note 1 ( January 25 , 1918 – January 29 , 2000) Is a historian and political scientist US . It is one of the experts that refers to the Southeast Asia and an opponent of the US intervention in the Vietnam War 1 . After supporting his doctoral thesis, still considered a classic in Indonesia ‘s history , Kahin taught at Cornell University , where he directed the Southeast Asia Program and where he founded Cornell Modern. Indonesia Project . His incomplete memoirs were published …

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Iskandar Muda

The Sultan Iskandar Muda (1 583 1 – December 27 1636 2 , “Alexander the Younger” in Malay , was the 12 th ruler of Aceh in the north of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia It was under his reign that. Kingdom reaches its largest territorial extension and becomes the most powerful and prosperous state in the west of the Indonesian archipelago Under Iskandar Muda, Aceh conquers on conquest and becomes …

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Indonesian invasion of East Timor

The invasion of East Timor began on December 7, 1975 when the Indonesian armed forces invaded this newly independent country on the pretext of fighting colonialism . The overthrow of the ephemeral but popular government led by the Revolutionary Front for the Independence of East Timor (Freitilin) ​​marks the beginning of a violent occupation of twenty-five years in which between 60,000 and 100,000 soldiers and East Timorese civilians find death.

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Indianization of Indonesia

Traveling across Java and Bali in 1927, the writer Bengali Rabindranath Tagore exclaims: “I see the India everywhere, but do not recognize one ! “. The island of Bali , Indonesia ‘s only true international tourist destination, is indeed the only traditional Indonesian society to have remained essentially Hindu. And Java visitor can easily notice the presence of religious monuments Buddhist and Hindu built between the viii th and xvi th centuries, and attend performances whose story is drawn from the great Indian epics …

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Comfort women

” Comfort Women ( ian-fu ? ) ” ( Simplified Chinese : 慰安妇 , Traditional Chinese : 慰安婦 ) is the euphemism used in Japan for the often-minor victims of the system of organized mass sexual slavery. the Asia by and for the army and navy Japanese imperial, particularly during the Second World War. The use of this term is strongly contested by organizations that demand of the Japanese government formal apologies and reparations, and prefer the unsweetened …

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The Darul Islam

The Darul Islam ( Arabic : دار الإسلام , Dar al-Islam , literally “house of Islam”) is a political movement of Indonesia which, from 1949 in 1963, wanted to impose by force an Islamic state in Indonesia ( Negara Islam Indonesia ) . It is also known as DI / TII ( Tentara Islam Indonesia or “Islamic Army of Indonesia”).

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Hague Round Table Conference

A Round Table Conference was held in The Hague , The Netherlands from 23 August to 2 November 1949 between representatives of the Kingdom of the Netherlands , the Republic of Indonesia and the BFO (“Federal Consultative Assembly”) representing various states that the Dutch had created in the archipelago). The conference concludes with the transfer by the Netherlands of sovereignty over the territory of the former Netherlands Indies to the Republic …

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Jakarta Charter

The Jakarta Charter (in Indonesian Piagam Jakarta ) was the result of a compromise between nationalists and Muslims about the basis of a future Indonesian state , established by a “nine-member committee” ( Panitia Sembilan ) and approved on 22 June 1945. This “Committee of Nine” was established by the BPUPKI ( Badan Penyelidik Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia , “Committee for the Investigation of the Efforts to Prepare Independence of Indonesia”, …

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Budi Utomo

The Budi Utomo , or Boedi Oetomo in his old spelling (“Supreme Intelligence” in Javanese , from Sanskrit Buddhi , बुद्धि, and Uttama , उत्तम) was the first organized indigenous movement of the Dutch East Indies . Its founder was a retired doctor of the colonial government, Dr. Wahidin Soedirohoesodo. Coming from a priyayi family , the nobility of Javanese dress , Wahidin felt that Javanese should receive a modern education like him. The first congress of the association was held …

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Boven Digul

Boven-Digoel was a prison camp in the Dutch East Indies in which Indonesian nationalists and communists were interned between 1928 and 1942. The site was located at the source of the Digul in an isolated area of New Guinea , surrounded by hundreds of kilometers of jungle populated by hostile tribes. Among those interned in this camp, there was Marco Kartodikromo , Mohammad Hatta or Sutan Sjahrir .

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Billiton Maatschappij

The Billiton Maatschappij and then from 1924 to 1972 Gemeenschappelijke Mijnbouwmaatschappij Billiton and from 1972 to 2001 Billiton International Metals BV before merging with the Australian mining company Broken Hill Proprietary Company or BHP to become BHP Billiton , was a Dutch mining company played the xix th and xx th centuries an important role in the extraction of minerals in the Dutch East Indies and in Indonesia .

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Battle of Surabaya

The battle of Surabaya was between the young Indonesian army , created on October 5, 1945, and youth militias with British forces , whose mission was to disarm the Japanese occupation forces and free the Europeans detained in the Japanese camps. The peak of the battle was reached inNovember 1945. Despite strong resistance, British troops, consisting mainly of thirty thousand seasoned men 5 th and 23 th divisions of the army of British India , …

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United Nations Temporary Executive Authority

The United Nations Temporary Executive Authority , in English United Nations Temporary Executive Authority ( UNTEA ) or the United Nations Temporary Executive Authority in West New Guinea , English United Nations Temporary Executive Authority in West New Guinea or the Force UN security in West New Guinea , English United Nations security Force in West New Guinea ( UNSF ) is a temporary administration of the United Nations of the colony of Netherlands New Guinea for a …

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Renville Agreement

The agreement of Renville is an agreement between the Netherlands and the Republic of Indonesia under the auspices of the Security Council of the UN . Ratified on January 17, 1948, this agreement was an attempt to resolve the disputes that arose as a result of the Linggarjati agreement signed in 1946. It established a ceasefire along a line called the ” Van Mook Line “. , named after the Dutch governor general , who …

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New York Agreement

The New York Agreement is a document negotiated by the United States on behalf of the Indonesian Government in 1962 for the transfer of sovereignty from Western New Guinea (then Dutch New Guinea ) to Indonesia. This agreement was prepared by the United States in secret and without the consent of the peoples of Western New Guinea, after the Indonesian invasion began in December 1961 and after the Soviet navy was ordered …

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Linggarjati Agreement

The agreement Linggarjati is the political agreement reached on November 15 , 1946by which the Netherlands officially recognized the existence of the Republic of Indonesia and which marked the first major diplomatic agreement of the Indonesian revolution . The Netherlands was represented by Governor Hubertus van Mook and Indonesia by Prime Minister Sutan Sjahrir .

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