The Kasepuhan are a customary community in Indonesia around 5300 people living in the southern part of National Park Halimun Salak , located in the province of West Java in Indonesia . The park straddles the regency of Bogor and Sukabumi in West Java, and Lebak in the province of Banten . Their territory includes the villages of:
- Cibedug ,
- Ciptagelar , who himself is divided into Ciptamulya and Sirnaresmi,
According to tradition, the Kasepuhan have lived there since 1430 . Until then, their ancestors lived in the Bogor region. At that time, the region was the seat of the kingdom of Pajajaran , whose kings were Hindu .
The Kasepuhan claim to be related to Baduy , another traditional community in West Java.
Today, Kasepuhan call themselves Muslims . However, they do not strictly observe all the rules of Islam. Just like their ancestors, they combined many of the traditions and religions with their own Kasepuhan tradition is that they are influenced by Islam, Sundanese traditions, Pajajaran traditions and, therefore, Hinduism and animism also.
Kasepuhan are almost self-sufficient for their diet. They live mainly from agriculture . Agricultural activities can be divided into three categories: sawah ( irrigated rice ), ladang(dry rice) and kebun (orchards). About 85% of Kasepuhan’s agricultural land is sawah , 10% is ladang and 5% is kebun .
Notes and references
Bas Bolman (2006). Wet rice cultivation in Indonesia – A comparative research on differences in modernization trends. [ archive ] Major Thesis, Wageningen University.
- Seren Taun