The term Kebon Kopi’s inscription refers to two different inscriptions, both found in this place in the village of Kampung Muara near Bogor , in the Indonesian province of West Java :

  • The first, also called ” Tapak Gajah ” (“Elephant Footprints”), was discovered in 1864 , during a clearing to create a coffee plantation , kebon kopi in Malay , hence its name. It consists of a stone on which are engraved elephant footprints and a text in Pallava alphabet from South India, and in Sanskrit :

” Jayavisalasya Tarumendrasya hastinah

Airwavatabhasya vibhatidam padadvayam ”

which means:

“Here is drawn a pair of footprints similar to Airawata, the great lord of Taruma and (?) Victory”.

This inscription is dated around the year 450 AD. AD and attributed to King Purnawarman of Tarumanagara .

  • The second, also called ” Batu Dakon ” (“stone shaped congklak “), dated 932 AD J. – C. and written in Malay , mentions a ” king of Sunda “.


  • Sufa, Theresia, “Remnants of Java’s oldest kingdom”, The Jakarta Post , January 9, 2010