Pajajaran is the name of a kingdom in West Java . Its capital, Pakuan, was on the site of today’s Bogor , 60 km south of Jakarta, upstream on the Ciliwung River . Pajajaran is at the heart of the identity of the Sundanese of West Java. Their tradition dates back to 1333.
Kingdom of the Interior, Pajajaran had as its sea outlet two ports under its control: Kalapa, at the mouth of the Ciliwung (in the north of present-day Jakarta ) and Banten . In 1513, a Portuguese Embassy comes to Kalapa. The Portuguese are seeking to establish themselves on the north coast of Java in order to centralize their commercial activities in the Indonesian archipelago, which include the pepper and indigo of West Java, the cloves of the Moluccas and precious woods and camphor from Sumatra.
In 1522 , Pajajaran signed a treaty of alliance and friendship with the Portuguese, authorizing the latter to build a warehouse and a fort in Kalapa. Pajajaran hoped that the presence of foreign merchants and Portuguese soldiers would protect him from the rising power of Demak, who had already conquered Cirebon in the east and Banten in the west. An inscription found near Bogor also says that King Sri Baduga Maharaja (reign 1482-1521), believed to be the mythical Siliwangi of Sundanese gesture songs, ordered the digging of a moat around the capital.
In 1527 Fatahillah, a prince of Banten , conquered Kalapa and renamed it Jayakarta (“victorious act” in Sanskrit ). Banten submits Pajajaran in 1579 , ending the last Hindu kingdom of Sunda. The court takes refuge in Sumedang , east of present-day Bandung .
The kings of Pajajaran
- 1333-1350 Sri Baduga Maharaja
- 1350-1357 Prebu Maharaja
- 1357-1371 Garbamenak Regent
- 1371 -… Siliwangi
- … -1482 Guru Gantangan
- 1482-1521 Blood Ratu Jayadewanata
- 1521-1535 Surawisesa or Pucuk Umun
- 1535-1543 Ratudewata
- 1543-1551 Blood Ratu Saksi
- 1551-1567 Tohaan di Mjaya
- 1567-1579 Seda Nusiya Mulya
- 1579 fall of the kingdom