The Koperasi Angkutan Jakarta ( “Jakarta Transportation Cooperative”) or Kopaja is a cooperative founded in 1971 to provide a public transport service in Jakarta 1 . Kopaja has been formally integrated into the PT Transportasi Jakarta (TransJakarta) network, the Jakarta government’s public transport company 2 . The minibuses of the Kopaja, so far green and white will now be blue and white.
The cooperative’s fleet was estimated at more than 1,400 minibuses in 2012, half of which were over 20 years old 3 . TransJakarta has started the operation of 320 air-conditioned buses (“Kopaja AC”).
The Kopaja minibuses are in principle green and white in color. They have a capacity of 20 to 30 seats, like the other MetroMini service . Nevertheless, they are often overloaded, which poses security problems. In addition, their drivers often drive dangerously and do not respect road signs 4 , 5 . Finally, the diesel engines of the Kopaja vehicles are often kept dry and contribute greatly to the pollution in Jakarta 6 . In 2012, in response to criticism, the president of the Kopaja acknowledged that about 70% of minibuses of the cooperative were not actually in working order and explained that any improvement would require the support of the government in Jakarta 7.
In spite of these problems, Kopaja is a key element of Jakarta’s transport system, as are low-cost means of transport such as minibuses called angkutan kota (“urban transport”) or angkot 8 . It offers many lines serving the city and are connected to the network bus rapid transit in own site of TransJakarta 9 . The rate of 2,000 rupiah per journey (about 14 euro cents at the end of 2015) is low.
Portion of English text to translate into French
The line numbers consist of numbers preceded by a prefix corresponding to one of the four kota (municipalities) constituting the Jakarta Special Territory (DKI):
- P = Jakarta Pusat ( Central Jakarta )
- B = Jakarta Barat ( West Jakarta )
- S = Jakarta Selatan ( South Jakarta )
- T = Jakarta Timur ( East Jakarta )
- U = Jakarta Utara ( North Jakarta )
- ↑ Antony Saputra, “My Jakarta Kopaja, Kings of the Road,” Jakarta Globe , October 28, 2012
- ↑ Indra Budiari and Corry Elyda, “Kopaja nozzles integrated into Transjakarta system, The Jakarta Post , December 23, 2015
- ↑ Andreas D. Ardtiya, “New Kopaja nozzles to offer Internet, air conditioning”, The Jakarta Post , July 6, 2012
- ↑ “My Jakarta: Rudin, Public Bus Driver”, The Jakarta Globe , August 24, 2012
- ↑ “Taming minibus drivers”, The Jakarta Post , October 20, 2012
- ↑ Anita Rachman, “Buses and Angkots Rustpots Driving Jakarta Residents Crazy,” Jakarta Globe , May 7, 2012
- ↑ Lenny Tristia Tambun and Ronna Nirmala, “Plans to Eliminate Bus Rental Scheme” Jakarta Globe , October 18, 2012
- ↑ Daniel Alan Bey, “In Defense of the Angkot” Jakarta Globe , July 16, 2012
- ↑ Novia D. Rulistia, “Kopaja, Metromini operators get ready to join BRT system”, The Jakarta Post , December 20, 2012
- ↑ “New Kopaja nozzles to offer Internet, air conditioning”, The Jakarta Post , July 6, 2012
- ↑ Lenny Tristia Tambun, “New High-Tech Minibuses Hit Streets Jakarta,” Jakarta Globe , July 5, 2012
- ↑ “Jakarta works to improve Kopaja services”, The Jakarta Post , September 25, 2015
- ↑ Edison Lestari, “My Jakarta: Bagus, Child Busker” Jakarta Globe , February 3, 2012