92 islands in Indonesia , geographically isolated and remote, have been designated as outer islands since the signing of a presidential decree in 2005 1 . Of these, 67 are close to a neighboring country and 28 are inhabited.

List

# Name Contact information Sea Kabupaten Province Border country
1 so 8 ° 13 ’50 “S, 125 ° 07′ 55” E Strait of Ombai so Small islands of the Eastern Sonde East Timor
2 Ararkula 5 ° 35 ’42 “S, 134 ° 49′ 05” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
3 Asutubun 8 ° 03 ’07 “S, 131 ° 18′ 02” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
4 Bangkit 1 ° 02 ’52 “N, 123 ° 06′ 45” E Celebes Sea Bolaang Mongondow North Sulawesi philippines
5 barung 8 ° 30 ’30 “S, 113 ° 17′ 37” E Indian Ocean Jember East Java Australia
6 Batarkusu 8 ° 20 ’30 “S, 130 ° 49′ 16” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
7 Batek 9 ° 15 ’30 “S, 123 ° 59′ 30” E Sea of ​​Savu Kupang Small islands of the Eastern Sonde East Timor
8 Batu Bawaikang 4 ° 44 ’46 “N, 125 ° 29′ 24” E Celebes Sea Sangihe Islands North Sulawesi philippines
9 Batu Berhanti 1 ° 11 ’06 “N, 103 ° 52′ 57” E Strait of Singapore Batam Riau Islands Singapore
10 Batu Goyang 7 ° 57 ’01 “S, 134 ° 11′ 38” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
11 Batu Kecil 5 ° 53 ’45 “S, 104 ° 26′ 26” E Indian Ocean Western Lampung Lampung India
12 Batu Mandi 2 ° 52 ’10 “N, 100 ° 41′ 05” E Strait of Malacca Bintan Riau Islands Malaysia
13 Benggala 5 ° 47 ’34 “N, 94 ° 58′ 21” E Indian Ocean Sabang Aceh India
14 Bepondi 0 ° 23 ’38 “S, 135 ° 16′ 27” E Pacific Ocean Biak Numfor Papua Palau
15 Berhala 3 ° 46 ’38 “N, 99 ° 30′ 03” E Strait of Malacca Deli Serdang North Sumatra Malaysia
16 Arms 0 ° 55 ’00 “N, 134 ° 20′ 00” E Pacific Ocean Biak Numfor Papua Palau
17 Budd 0 ° 32 ’08 “N, 130 ° 43′ 52” E Pacific Ocean Sorong West Papua Palau
18 Damar 2 ° 44 ’29 “N, 105 ° 22′ 46” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
19 Dana 11 ° 00 ’36 “S, 122 ° 52′ 37” E Indian Ocean Rote Ndao Small islands of the Eastern Sonde Australia
20 Dana 10 ° 50 ’00 “S, 121 ° 16′ 57” E Indian Ocean Sabu Raijua Small islands of the Eastern Sonde Australia
21 Deli 7 ° 01 ’00 “S, 105 ° 31′ 25” E Indian Ocean Pandeglang Banten Australia
22 Dolangan 1 ° 22 ’40 “N, 120 ° 53′ 04” E Celebes Sea Toli Toli- Central Sulawesi Malaysia
23 Enggano 5 ° 31 ’13 “S, 102 ° 16′ 00” E Indian Ocean North Bengkulu Bengkulu India
24 Enu 7 ° 05 ’00 “S, 134 ° 30′ 00” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
25 Fani 1 ° 04 ’00 “N, 131 ° 16′ 00” E Pacific Ocean Sorong West Papua Palau
26 Fanildo 0 ° 56 ’22 “N, 134 ° 17′ 44” E Pacific Ocean Biak Numfor Papua Palau
27 Gosong Makasar 3 ° 59 ’25 “N, 117 ° 57′ 42” E Celebes Sea Nunukan East Kalimantan Malaysia
28 Intata 4 ° 38 ’38 “N, 127 ° 09′ 49” E Celebes Sea Talaud Islands North Sulawesi philippines
29 Iyu Kecil 1 ° 11 ’30 “N, 103 ° 21′ 08” E Strait of Malacca Karimun Riau Islands Malaysia
30 Jiew 0 ° 43 ’39 “N, 129 ° 08′ 30” E Sea of ​​Halmahera Halmahera North Maluku Islands Palau
31 Kakarutan 4 ° 37 ’36 “N, 127 ° 09′ 53” E Pacific Ocean Talaud Islands North Sulawesi philippines
32 Karang 7 ° 01 ’08 “S, 134 ° 41′ 26” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
33 Karaweira 6 ° 00 ’09 “S, 134 ° 54′ 26” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
34 Karimun Kecil 1 ° 09 ’59 “N, 103 ° 23′ 20” E Strait of Malacca Karimun Riau Islands Malaysia
35 Kawalusu 4 ° 14 ’06 “N, 125 ° 18′ 59” E Celebes Sea Sangihe Islands North Sulawesi philippines
36 Kawio 4 ° 40 ’16 “N, 125 ° 25′ 41” E Sea of ​​Mindanao Sangihe Islands North Sulawesi philippines
37 Kepala 2 ° 38 ’42 “N, 109 ° 10′ 04” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Malaysia
38 Kisar 8 ° 06 ’10 “S, 127 ° 08′ 36” E Strait of Wetar Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
39 Kolepon 8 ° 12 ’49 “S, 137 ° 41′ 24” E Arafura Sea Merauke Papua Australia
40 South Kultubai 6 ° 49 ’54 “S, 134 ° 47′ 14” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
41 North Kultubai 6 ° 38 ’50 “S, 134 ° 50′ 12” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
42 Laag 5 ° 23 ’14 “S, 137 ° 43′ 07” E Arafura Sea Irian Jaya Timur Papua Australia
43 Larat 7 ° 14 ’26 “S, 131 ° 58′ 49” E Arafura Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
44 Leti 8 ° 14 ’20 “S, 127 ° 37′ 50” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
45 Liki 1 ° 34 ’26 “S, 138 ° 42′ 57” E Pacific Ocean Jayapura Papua Papua New Guinea
46 Lingian 0 ° 59 ’55 “N, 120 ° 12′ 50” E Macassar Strait Toli Toli- Central Sulawesi Malaysia
47 Liran 8 ° 03 ’50 “S, 125 ° 44′ 00” E Strait of Wetar Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
48 Makalehi 2 ° 44 ’15 “N, 125 ° 09′ 28” E Celebes Sea Sangihe Islands North Sulawesi philippines
49 Mangkai 3 ° 05 ’32 “N, 105 ° 35′ 00” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
50 Mangudu 10 ° 20 ’08 “S, 120 ° 05′ 56” E Indian Ocean Sumba Timur Small islands of the Eastern Sonde Australia

 

51 Manterawu 1 ° 45 ’47 “N, 124 ° 43′ 51” E Celebes Sea Bolaang Mongondow North Sulawesi philippines
52 Manuk 7 ° 49 ’11 “S, 108 ° 19′ 18” E Indian Ocean Tasikmalaya West Java Australia
53 Marampit 4 ° 46 ’18 “N, 127 ° 08′ 32” E Celebes Sea Talaud Islands North Sulawesi philippines
54 Maratua 2 ° 15 ’12 “N, 118 ° 38′ 41” E Celebes Sea Berau East Kalimantan Malaysia
55 Marore 4 ° 44 ’14 “N, 125 ° 28′ 42” E Celebes Sea Sangihe Islands North Sulawesi philippines
56 Marsela 8 ° 13 ’29 “S, 129 ° 49′ 32” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
57 Meatimiarang 8 ° 21 ’09 “S, 128 ° 30′ 52” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
58 Mega 4 ° 01 ’12 “S, 101 ° 01′ 49” E Indian Ocean North Bengkulu Bengkulu India
59 Miangas 5 ° 34 ’02 “N, 126 ° 34′ 54” E Celebes Sea Talaud Islands North Sulawesi philippines
60 Miossu 0 ° 20 ’16 “S, 132 ° 09′ 34” E Pacific Ocean Sorong West Papua Palau
61 Nipa 1 ° 09 ’13 “N, 103 ° 39′ 11” E Strait of Singapore Batam Riau Islands Singapore
62 Nongsa 1 ° 12 ’29 “N, 104 ° 04′ 47” E Strait of Singapore Batam Riau Islands Singapore
63 Nusa Kambangan 7 ° 47 ’05 “S, 109 ° 02′ 34” E Indian Ocean Cilacap Central Java Australia
64 Panambulai 6 ° 19 ’26 “S, 134 ° 54′ 53” E Arafura Sea Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
65 Panehan 8 ° 22 ’17 “S, 111 ° 30′ 41” E Indian Ocean Trenggalek East Java Australia
66 Pelampong 1 ° 07 ’44 “N, 103 ° 41′ 58” E Strait of Singapore Batam Riau Islands Singapore
67 Raya 4 ° 52 ’10 “N, 95 ° 22′ 45” E Indian Ocean Western Aceh Aceh India
68 Rondo 6 ° 04 ’30 “N, 95 ° 06′ 45” E Indian Ocean Sabang Aceh India
69 Rusa 5 ° 16 ’34 “N, 95 ° 12′ 07” E Indian Ocean Aceh Besar Aceh India
70 Salando 1 ° 20 ’16 “N, 120 ° 47′ 31” E Celebes Sea Toli Toli- Central Sulawesi Malaysia
71 Salaut Besar 2 ° 57 ’51 “N, 95 ° 23′ 34” E Indian Ocean North Aceh Aceh India
72 Sambit 1 ° 46 ’53 “N, 119 ° 02′ 26” E Celebes Sea Berau East Kalimantan Malaysia
73 Sebatik 4 ° 10 ’00 “N, 117 ° 54′ 00” E Macassar Strait Nunukan East Kalimantan Malaysia
74 Sebetul 4 ° 42 ’25 “N, 107 ° 54′ 20” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Vietnam
75 Sekatung 4 ° 47 ’45 “N, 108 ° 01′ 19” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Vietnam
76 Sekel 8 ° 24 ’24 “S, 111 ° 42′ 31” E Indian Ocean Trenggalek East Java Australia
77 Selaru 8 ° 10 ’17 “S, 131 ° 07′ 31” E Timor Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas Australia
78 Semiun 4 ° 31 ’09 “N, 107 ° 43′ 17” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Malaysia
79 Sentut 1 ° 02 ’52 “N, 104 ° 49′ 50” E Strait of Singapore Bintan Riau Islands Malaysia
80 Senua 4 ° 00 ’48 “N, 108 ° 25′ 04” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Malaysia
81 Sibarubaru 3 ° 17 ’48 “S, 100 ° 19′ 47” E Indian Ocean Mentawai Islands West Sumatra India
82 Simeuleuceut 2 ° 31 ’47 “N, 95 ° 55′ 05” E Indian Ocean Western Aceh Aceh India
83 Simuk 0 ° 05 ’33 “S, 97 ° 51′ 14” E Indian Ocean nias North Sumatra India
84 Sinyaunyau 1 ° 51 ’58 “S, 99 ° 04′ 34” E Indian Ocean Mentawai Islands West Sumatra India
85 Sophia Louisa 8 ° 55 ’20 “S, 116 ° 00′ 08” E Indian Ocean Western Lombok Small Western Sunda Islands Australia
86 Subi Kecil 3 ° 01 ’51 “N, 108 ° 54′ 52” E South China Sea Natuna Riau Islands Malaysia
87 Tokong Belayar 3 ° 27 ’04 “N, 106 ° 16′ 08” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
88 Tokong Malang Biru 2 ° 18 ’00 “N, 105 ° 35′ 47” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
89 Tokong Nanas 3 ° 19 ’52 “N, 105 ° 57′ 04” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
90 Tokongboro 4 ° 04 ’01 “N, 107 ° 26′ 09” E South China Sea Anambas Riau Islands Malaysia
91 Wetar 7 ° 56 ’50 “S, 126 ° 28′ 10” E Banda Sea Western Southeast Maluku Moluccas East Timor
92 Wunga 1 ° 12 ’47 “N, 97 ° 04′ 48” E Indian Ocean nias North Sumatra India

Statistics

Neighboring countries

The outer islands are close to 9 different countries:

Country He is
Australia 23
India 13
Malaysia 22
Palau 7
Papua New Guinea 1
philippines 11
Singapore 4
East Timor 10
Vietnam 2

Provinces

The islands are scattered in 18 distinct provinces :

Province He is
Aceh 6
Banten 1
Bengkulu 2
Riau Islands 20
Central Java 1
East Java 3
West Java 1
East Kalimantan 4
Lampung 1
North Maluku Islands 1
Moluccas 18
Small Western Sunda Islands 1
Small islands of the Eastern Sonde 5
Papua 6
West Papua 3
Central Sulawesi 3
North Sulawesi 11
North Sumatra 3
West Sumatra 2

Potential litigation [ change | change the code ]

In Indonesian opinion, among these border islands, 12 are likely to be claimed by another nation 2 :

  1. Rondo , regency of Sabang , province of Aceh : uninhabited except by the keeper of a lighthouse, north of the island of Weh to 6 ° 04 ’31 “N, 95 ° 06′ 47” E , on the border of ‘ India , it controls one of the inputs of the Malacca Strait .
  2. Sekatung , kabupaten of Natuna , province of Riau islands : uninhabited area 0.3 square kilometers, located at 4 ° 47 ’00 “N, 108 ° 01′ 00” E , border of Vietnam , it is used as a stop by fishermen Indonesians and foreigners.
  3. Nipa , city of Batam , Riau Islands: uninhabited, 60 hectares area, border of Singapore , it is made up of 80% dead coral and 20% of sand exploited in particular to be sold in Singapore.
  4. Berhala , kabupaten of Serdang Bedagai, province of North Sumatra : located in the Straits of Malacca, border of Malaysia , uninhabited, with an area of ​​2.5 km².
  5. Marore , regency of Sangihe islands , province of North Sulawesi : border of the Philippines , with an area of 214 hectares, located at 4 ° 44 ’00 “N, 125 ° 29′ 00” E .
  6. Miangas , regency of Talaud Islands , North Sulawesi: Philippine border, area 3.15 square kilometers, located at 5 ° 33 ’00 “N, 126 ° 35′ 00” E , at 145 miles marine of the Indonesian island more near, Nanusa , and only 48 miles from the Philippines, 678 inhabitants (2003) tongue talaud . The currency used is the Philippine peso . The Dutch of the VOC ( Dutch East India Company ) had taken control of this island in 1677. In 1891, the Philippines had included Miangas in their territory but accepted the arbitration of the International Tribunal in favor of Indonesia.
  7. Marampit , kabupaten Talaud Islands, North Sulawesi: located at 4 ° 46 ’18 “N, 127 ° 08′ 32” E , Philippine border, 1 436 inhabitants, area 12 km².
  8. Batek , kupupaten of Kupang , province of the eastern small islands of the Sunda , which East Timor calls Fatu Sinai : border with the territory of Oecusse of Timor-Leste, surface about 25 hectares, nesting place of turtles and way of passage of migrations of duphins.
  9. Dana , kabupaten of Rote Ndao , in the eastern small islands of Sonde: located south of Rote Island at 10 ° 59 ’30 “S, 122 ° 51′ 43” E , bordering Australia , uninhabited.
  10. Fani , kabupaten of Raja Ampat , province of Papua : frontier of Palau , inhabited, surface about 9 km ², located at 1 ° 04 ’00 “N, 131 ° 16′ 01” E , with 220 km and 35 hours of boat of the Sorong city .
  11. Fanildo , kabupaten of Biak Numfor, Papua : one of Mapia islands , uninhabited border Palau, area about 0.1 square kilometers, located 280 km kabupaten Biak Numfor at 0 ° 34 ‘N, 134 ° 11’ E .
  12. Bras , kabupaten of Biak Numfor , Papua : another of the Mapia Islands, uninhabited, bordering Palau, area about 3,375 km², located 280 km from the kabupaten Biak Numfor, about 50 000 inhabitants.

References

  1. ↑ ( id ) ” Peraturan Presiden No. 78 Tahun 2005 ”  [ archive ] , Republic of Indonesia,
  2. ↑ Kompas of March 12, 2005