The Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysical Agency of Indonesia ( Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, Dan Geofisika or BMKG in Indonesian ) is the meteorological service of Indonesia . It is a non-departmental government agency.
It was in 1841 that Dr. Onnen, director of the Bogor Hospital , began to take meteorological measures in the Dutch colony. In 1866, the Dutch East Indies Government founded Magnetisch in Meteorologisch Observatorium . This organization will change its name several times and its current name was given on September 6, 2008 1 .
Tropical Cyclone Center
In 1986, the Indonesian service has opened a center of tropical cyclone forecasting at the headquarters Jakarta 2 . The latter was monitoring the tropical systems and issuing the necessary cyclone alerts for Indonesia and the area from the equator to 10 degrees south and 90 degrees east to 125 degrees east.
In 1998, the World Meteorological Organization ‘s Tropical Cyclone Committee recommended that the Australian Bureau of Meteorology temporarily take over the Jakarta Center, as it takes time for staff to have a more comprehensive forecasting training 2 . In 2008, the Jakarta Tropical Warning Center recovered its functions 2 . The first cyclone to be named by this center was cyclone Durga a little later the same year 2 .
Notes and references
- ↑ ( id ) ” PELANTIKAN PENGUKUHAN KBMG DR. IR. SRI WORO B. HARIJONO, MSC ATAS NAMA PRESIDEN RI MELALUI MENTERI PERHUBUNGAN JUSMAN SYAFII DJAMAL SEBAGAI KEPALA BMKG » [ archive ] , BMKG, (accessed April 5, 2010 )
- ↑ a , b , c and d ( in ) Indonesian Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics, ” The Operation of Jakarta Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (TCWC Jakarta) ” , Review of the 2006, 2007 and 2008 Cyclone Seasons , Meteorological Organization world ,, p. 28 Appendix IV ( read online [ archive ] )