On the night of 30 September to st October 1965, six top generals Staff of the Indonesian Army were abducted by groups of soldiers. They are taken to the airbase of Halim near the capital Jakarta and slaughtered.

The st October to July the morning, an officer of Tjakrabirawa Regiment , the unit in charge of the presidential guard , Lieutenant Colonel Oentoeng, radio ad to head a ” movement from September 30 ” (in Indonesian Gerakan September Tigapuluh ) which he defines as “inside the army, and directed against the” council of the generals “… which projected a counterrevolutionary blow …” .

In the afternoon, a second statement announces that a “council of the Revolution” will assume the supreme authority. Then the radio broadcasts a statement of support from the head of the air force, General Omar Dhani.

An unknown general, Soeharto , organizes the repression. In forty-eight hours, the rebels are arrested.

In response to what the regime will designate by the highly evocative acronym of “Gestapu”, Soeharto decrees the dissolution of the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), accused of being the author. It follows a hunt for communists and their families and supporters that will last for months and massacres that will make between 500 000 and one million deaths estimated 1 .

Notes and references

  1. ↑ Jean-Louis Margolin , ” Indonesia 1965: a forgotten the massacre ,” International Journal of Comparative Politics , vol.  8, o 1,p.  59-92 ( read online  [ archive ] )