The Sarekat Islam is an organization founded in 1911 under the original name of Sarekat Dagang Islam ( “Association of Muslim merchants”) by traders in batik of district Laweyan in Surakarta in central Java , in what was then the Netherlands Indies . The purpose of Sarekat Dagang Islam was to give more power to the Javanese traders against the power wholesalers Chinese 1 .

The organization changed after one year its name Sarekat Islam (1912) and politicized to defend the right of Indonesians against the colonial power 1 . Its most famous leader is Hadji Oemar Said Tjokroaminoto, better known as HOS Cokroaminoto. The latter had three disciples who would later become famous: Soekarno , one of the great figures of Indonesian nationalism, Semaun, the future leader of the Indonesian Communist Party and Kartosuwiryo, who unleashed in 1948 a separatist movement fighting for the creation of a Indonesian Muslim state based on sharia , Darul Islam.

Notes and references

  1. ↑ a and b Isabelle Surun (dir), Colonial Societies in the Age of Empires (1850-1960) , Atlande, 2012, p. 687.