There in Indonesia many archaeological sites dating from the classical Indonesian period (that is to say Hindu-Buddhist), which goes from the v th century to the xv th century AD. AD Their official name is candy , named Candi or Candika which is demonic and destructive form of Goddess Shakti .
In Java, some candi remained places of worship. This is the case of the temples of Cetho and Sukuh ( xv th century) on the slopes of Mount Lawu , east of Solo .
The official religion of the majority of Balinese being Hinduism , temples are still places of worship.
- Batujaya website
- Cibuaya website
Plain of Kedu
The fertile Kedu Plain extends in the center of the island, west of the Merapi Volcano , northwest of the ancient royal city of Yogyakarta and southwest of the colonial city of Magelang .
- Borobudur : the largest Buddhist monument in the world, classified as World Heritage of UNESCO .
- Mendut : Buddhism temple Mahayana the viii th century.
- Pawon : Another temple of Buddhism Mahayana the viii th century.
Flanks of Merapi
- Sengi: 3 temples complex, Asu, Pendem and Lumbung, dating from the viii th century.
- Canggal: Buddhist complex viii th century, in which we found an inscription, dated 732 AD. J. – C. , mentioning the name of Sanjaya, lord of Mataram .
- Gunung Sari: ruins of a main temple and 3 secondary temples.
- Gunung Wukir: site of one of the oldest inscriptions found in Java and dated 732 AD AD The fact remains that the base of the main sanctuary and 3 secondary temples.
- Ngawen 5 sanctuaries viii th century.
- Sambisari : Hindu temple of the x th century, discovered in 1966 by a farmer who was working in a field belonging to the village of Karyowinangun.
Plateau of Dieng
8 Hindu temples of vii th and viii th centuries, the oldest known in Central Java.
9 temples ( Gedung Songo means “new construction”) built in the viii th century.
- Merak 2 Hindu temples of the x th century in the middle of a village.
Slopes of Mount Lawu
- Cetho : Hindu temple of the xv th century.
- Kethek: another Hindu temple xv th century.
- Sukuh : another Hindu temple xv th century pyramid.
Kewu Plain or plain of Prambanan
- Roro Jonggrang: main temple of Prambanan complex, dating from the ix th century and dedicated to Shiva . It is flanked by temples dedicated to Vishnu and Brahma . Bas-reliefs tell stories from the epic Ramayana .
- The complex of Buddhist temples of Candi Sewu (“the thousand temples”) predates Roro Jonggrang . It consists of a main sanctuary surrounded by smaller temples lined up in several concentric squares. It has well-preserved caretaker statues, replicas of which are found in the central courtyard of the kraton (royal palace) of Yogyakarta .
- Lumbung: Buddhist complex consisting of a main temple and 16 smaller temples.
- Plaosan : Buddhist sanctuary probably from the ix th century.
- Arca Bugisan: 7 statues ( arca ) of the Buddha and Bodhisattva in different poses and expressions.
- Sajiwan: Buddhist temple.
- Sari Buddhist sanctuary viii th century having 9 stupas .
- Kalasan: Buddhist temple viii th century, built to commemorate the marriage of a king.
- Kedulan: discovered in 1994 by quarrymen.
Ratu Boko and area (south of Prambanan)
- Palace Ratu Boko : built in the viii th and ix th centuries in a mixture of Buddhist and Hindu styles.
- Arca Gopolo: group of 7 statues ( arca ) arranged in a circle.
- Banyunibo: small Buddhist complex ix th century, consists of a main temple surrounded by six smaller temples, forming a stupa.
- Barong: perhaps a Hindu temple ix th century.
- Dawangsari: maybe once a stupa , there is only one set of andesite stones left .
- Candi Ijo: Complex comprising a main sanctuary and 3 secondary temples.
- Watugudig: group of columns arranged in the form of gong , of which about 40 were excavated. Locals believe it is King Boko’s grave.
- Candi Abang: shaped like a pyramid, it reminds Borobudur a bit.
- Sentono: set of caves below Abang.
- Payak: ritual basin, maybe Hindu.
Region of Malang
- Badut : Small shivaite temple built around 760 , the oldest known in East Java.
- Jago: end of the xiii th century. Its terraces are decorated with bas-reliefs in the style of wayang kulit that tell passages from the Indian epic poem Mahābhārata .
- Panataran : only temple complex of some importance to East Java, built between the xii th and xv th centuries. It is believed to be the state temple of Majapahit Kingdom .
- Singosari : dedicated to the kings of Singasari (1222-1292 AD ), predecessors of those of Majapahit, it was built in 1304.
- Sumberawan Temple .
Region Tretes and Trowulan
- Jawi: Buddhist funerary temple of the xiii th century.
- Mount Penanggungan : 80 sites in total, including perhaps the tomb of King Airlangga , who died in 1049.
- Surawana : small temple of Majapahit, located in the village of Canggu near Kediri and built in 1390 AD J. – C. , perhaps in honor of Wijayarajasa, prince of Wengker.
- Tikus: located in Trowulan , site of the capital of Majapahit.
- Site of Candi Agung , South Kalimantan , shivaite
- Site of Candi Laras , South Kalimantan , shivaite.
- Muara Takus , Riau
- Portibi , North Sumatra : Set of 25 temples dedicated to Shiva Bhairava
- Muara Jambi , Jambi
- Dumarcay, J. 1986 Temples of Java Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press
- Holt, C. 1967 Art in Indonesia Ithaca: Cornell University
- Patt, JA 1979 The Uses and Symbolism of Water in Ancient Indonesian Temple Architecture University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D. thesis)
- Prijotomo, J. (1984) Ideas and Forms of Javanese Yogyakarta Architecture : Gadjah Mada University Press
- Soekmono, R. Candi: Symbol of the Universe pp.58-59 in Miksic, John 1996 (eds.) 1996 Ancient History Volume 1, Archipleago Press, Singapore, ( ISBN 978-981-3018-26-6 )