There in Indonesia many archaeological sites dating from the classical Indonesian period (that is to say Hindu-Buddhist), which goes from the th century to the xv th century AD. AD Their official name is candy , named Candi or Candika which is demonic and destructive form of Goddess Shakti .

In Java, some candi remained places of worship. This is the case of the temples of Cetho and Sukuh ( xv th century) on the slopes of Mount Lawu , east of Solo .


The official religion of the majority of Balinese being Hinduism , temples are still places of worship.

Main article: Bali .


West Java

Jiwa Temple in Batujaya

Region Jakarta

  • Batujaya website
  • Cibuaya website

Region Bandung

  • Cangkuang

Central Java

Plain of Kedu

Buddha in a stupa opened in Borobudur

The fertile Kedu Plain extends in the center of the island, west of the Merapi Volcano , northwest of the ancient royal city of Yogyakarta and southwest of the colonial city of Magelang .

  • Borobudur : the largest Buddhist monument in the world, classified as World Heritage of UNESCO .
  • Mendut : Buddhism temple Mahayana the viii th century.
  • Pawon : Another temple of Buddhism Mahayana the viii th century.

Flanks of Merapi

  • Sengi: 3 temples complex, Asu, Pendem and Lumbung, dating from the viii th century.
  • Morangan
  • Lawang

Near Yogyakarta

  • Canggal: Buddhist complex viii th century, in which we found an inscription, dated 732 AD. J. – C. , mentioning the name of Sanjaya, lord of Mataram .
  • Gunung Sari: ruins of a main temple and 3 secondary temples.
  • Gunung Wukir: site of one of the oldest inscriptions found in Java and dated 732 AD AD The fact remains that the base of the main sanctuary and 3 secondary temples.
  • Ngawen 5 sanctuaries viii th century.
  • Sambisari : Hindu temple of the th century, discovered in 1966 by a farmer who was working in a field belonging to the village of Karyowinangun.

Plateau of Dieng

8 Hindu temples of vii th and viii th centuries, the oldest known in Central Java.

Gedung Songo

9 temples ( Gedung Songo means “new construction”) built in the viii th century.

Klaten Region

  • Merak 2 Hindu temples of the th century in the middle of a village.
  • Karangnongko.

Slopes of Mount Lawu

  • Cetho : Hindu temple of the xv th century.
  • Kethek: another Hindu temple xv th century.
  • Sukuh : another Hindu temple xv th century pyramid.

Kewu Plain or plain of Prambanan

The plain of Prambanan
  • Roro Jonggrang: main temple of Prambanan complex, dating from the ix th century and dedicated to Shiva . It is flanked by temples dedicated to Vishnu and Brahma . Bas-reliefs tell stories from the epic Ramayana .
  • The complex of Buddhist temples of Candi Sewu (“the thousand temples”) predates Roro Jonggrang . It consists of a main sanctuary surrounded by smaller temples lined up in several concentric squares. It has well-preserved caretaker statues, replicas of which are found in the central courtyard of the kraton (royal palace) of Yogyakarta .
  • Lumbung: Buddhist complex consisting of a main temple and 16 smaller temples.
  • Plaosan : Buddhist sanctuary probably from the ix th century.
  • Arca Bugisan: 7 statues ( arca ) of the Buddha and Bodhisattva in different poses and expressions.
  • Sajiwan: Buddhist temple.
  • Sari Buddhist sanctuary viii th century having 9 stupas .
  • Kalasan: Buddhist temple viii th century, built to commemorate the marriage of a king.
  • Kedulan: discovered in 1994 by quarrymen.

Ratu Boko and area (south of Prambanan)

The Ijo Candi
  • Palace Ratu Boko : built in the viii th and ix th centuries in a mixture of Buddhist and Hindu styles.
  • Arca Gopolo: group of 7 statues ( arca ) arranged in a circle.
  • Banyunibo: small Buddhist complex ix th century, consists of a main temple surrounded by six smaller temples, forming a stupa.
  • Barong: perhaps a Hindu temple ix th century.
  • Dawangsari: maybe once a stupa , there is only one set of andesite stones left .
  • Candi Ijo: Complex comprising a main sanctuary and 3 secondary temples.
  • Watugudig: group of columns arranged in the form of gong , of which about 40 were excavated. Locals believe it is King Boko’s grave.
  • Candi Abang: shaped like a pyramid, it reminds Borobudur a bit.
  • Gampingan.
  • Sentono: set of caves below Abang.
  • Payak: ritual basin, maybe Hindu.

East Java

Region of Malang

Dvarapala or guardian statue in Panataran
  • Badut : Small shivaite temple built around 760 , the oldest known in East Java.
  • Jago: end of the xiii th century. Its terraces are decorated with bas-reliefs in the style of wayang kulit that tell passages from the Indian epic poem Mahābhārata .
  • Panataran : only temple complex of some importance to East Java, built between the xii th and xv th centuries. It is believed to be the state temple of Majapahit Kingdom .
  • Singosari : dedicated to the kings of Singasari (1222-1292 AD ), predecessors of those of Majapahit, it was built in 1304.
  • Sumberawan Temple .

Region Tretes and Trowulan

The Candi Brahu in Trowulan
  • Jawi: Buddhist funerary temple of the xiii th century.
  • Mount Penanggungan : 80 sites in total, including perhaps the tomb of King Airlangga , who died in 1049.
  • Surawana : small temple of Majapahit, located in the village of Canggu near Kediri and built in 1390 AD J. – C. , perhaps in honor of Wijayarajasa, prince of Wengker.
  • Tikus: located in Trowulan , site of the capital of Majapahit.


  • Site of Candi Agung , South Kalimantan , shivaite
  • Site of Candi Laras , South Kalimantan , shivaite.


  • Muara Takus , Riau
  • Portibi , North Sumatra : Set of 25 temples dedicated to Shiva Bhairava
  • Muara Jambi , Jambi


  • Dumarcay, J. 1986 Temples of Java Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press
  • Holt, C. 1967 Art in Indonesia Ithaca: Cornell University
  • Patt, JA 1979 The Uses and Symbolism of Water in Ancient Indonesian Temple Architecture University of California, Berkeley (Ph.D. thesis)
  • Prijotomo, J. (1984) Ideas and Forms of Javanese Yogyakarta Architecture : Gadjah Mada University Press
  • Soekmono, R. Candi: Symbol of the Universe pp.58-59 in Miksic, John 1996 (eds.) 1996 Ancient History Volume 1, Archipleago Press, Singapore, ( ISBN 978-981-3018-26-6 )